Foot Care Education
Education should be tailored to patient's current knowledge, individual needs and risk factors. Patients should be aware of their risk factors and appropriate measures to avoid complications (American Diabetes Association, 2004d; Mayfield, 1998). See "Comprehensive foot exam with risk assessment" in the "Ongoing Management" section.
Education should include:
- Self-inspect feet daily for cuts, bruises, bleeding, redness and nail problems.
- Wash feet daily and dry thoroughly, including between the toes.
- Do not soak feet unless specified by a health care clinician.
- Be careful of hot water.
- Use of lotions, creams or moisturizer is acceptable, but do not use between the toes.
- Do not walk barefoot.
- Check shoes each day for objects that may have fallen inside, excessive wear or areas that may cause irritation.
- Avoid injuries from cutting toenails; avoid self-cutting calluses or corns.
- When to seek care.